Dr Devesh Kanoongo

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A women is suffering from chronic cough

Chronic Cough

A women is suffering from chronic cough

A chronic cough is a persistent cough that lasts for an extended period, typically more than eight weeks. It can be a symptom of various underlying conditions and can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life. Common causes of chronic cough include asthma, postnasal drip, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), chronic bronchitis, and certain medications. Chronic cough can be accompanied by other symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, chest pain, and fatigue. Diagnosis involves a thorough medical history, physical examination, and potentially additional tests like chest X-rays or pulmonary function tests. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and may involve lifestyle modifications, medications, or targeted therapies. Consulting a healthcare professional is crucial for proper evaluation and management of chronic cough.

Chronic cough causes:

Image showing the chronic cough causes

Generally, the common causes of chronic cough are:

  1. Asthma
  2. Postnasal drip
  3. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  4. Chronic bronchitis
  5. Medications (e.g., ACE inhibitors)
  6. Respiratory infections
  7. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  8. Lung cancer
  9. Environmental irritants
  10. Tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, or lung fibrosis
Image showing the chronic cough causes

The other causes which are less common are:

  1. Environmental allergies or irritants
  2. Occupational exposures
  3. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
  4. Pertussis (whooping cough)
  5. Bronchiectasis
  6. Heart failure
  7. Cystic fibrosis
  8. Foreign body aspiration
  9. Vocal cord dysfunction
  10. Connective tissue disorders (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus)
Image showing the symptoms of chronic cough

Chronic cough symptoms:

Apart from the cough, there are many other symptoms that a person can face. It includes:

  1. Persistent cough lasting more than eight weeks
  2. Coughing that worsens at night or with activity
  3. Coughing fits or paroxysms
  4. Coughing up phlegm or sputum
  5. Wheezing or shortness of breath
  6. Chest tightness or discomfort
  7. Fatigue or weakness
  8. Hoarseness or voice changes
  9. Difficulty sleeping due to coughing
  10. Gagging or choking sensation during coughing episodes

Along with the above symptoms the other problems that a person can face are:

face problems during chronic cough
  1. Disrupted sleep patterns
  2. Reduced physical stamina
  3. Social embarrassment or isolation
  4. Anxiety or stress
  5. Headaches or sore throat from frequent coughing
  6. Urinary incontinence during coughing fits
  7. Rib or abdominal muscle pain from prolonged coughing
  8. Difficulty concentrating or focusing
  9. Weight loss or poor appetite
  10. Negative impact on overall quality of life.
face problems during chronic cough
Image conclude some images that are showing severe symptoms of chronic cough
However, if you are facing these serious symptoms then you should definitely consult Chronic cough doctor near me, These are:
Image conclude some images that are showing severe symptoms of chronic cough

If you are experiencing serious symptoms such as unexplained weight loss, blood in coughed-up phlegm, chest pain, difficulty swallowing, or persistent hoarseness, it is crucial to consult a chronic cough doctor near you. These symptoms may indicate underlying conditions that require immediate medical attention and proper evaluation.

Additionally, severe shortness of breath, recurrent fever, swelling in the legs or ankles, uncontrolled coughing spells, or worsening of existing respiratory conditions should not be ignored. Seeking prompt medical care from a healthcare professional specializing in chronic cough will help determine the cause and provide appropriate treatment to alleviate your symptoms and improve your overall well-being.

Chronic Cough diagnosis:
The process of Diagnosis of chronic cough

Diagnosing the underlying cause of a chronic cough involves a comprehensive evaluation by a healthcare professional. The process typically includes a detailed medical history, physical examination, and possibly additional tests. These tests may include chest X-rays, pulmonary function tests, sputum analysis, bronchoscopy, or CT scans. Allergy testing and pH monitoring for GERD may also be conducted. The aim is to identify any respiratory, gastrointestinal, or other systemic conditions contributing to the chronic cough. Accurate diagnosis is crucial in order to determine the most appropriate treatment approach for managing and alleviating the symptoms.

The process of Diagnosis of chronic cough
Showing Medicines that treats chronic cough
Treatment for Chronic Cough:
Showing Medicines that treats chronic cough

The treatment for chronic cough depends on the underlying cause. Lifestyle modifications, such as avoiding triggers and irritants, can be helpful. Medications like bronchodilators, corticosteroids, or antihistamines may be prescribed to manage asthma or allergies. For GERD-related cough, acid-suppressing medications or lifestyle changes are recommended. Chronic bronchitis may require bronchodilators, expectorants, or antibiotics. In some cases, targeted therapies or surgical interventions may be necessary. Additionally, cough suppressants or mucolytics can be used for symptomatic relief. It is important to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.

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